It is the area of Dental Medicine responsible for replacing missing teeth through surgical placement of dental implants. These have the same function as the root of a tooth to support artificial teeth, offering an efficient masticatory and aesthetic function.
The patient undergoes surgery for the placement of the implant(s), and a period of approximately 3 to 6 months is required for final rehabilitation, so that there is osseointegration (union between bone and implant). In some cases and with specific indications the implants can be immediately place that is in the moment when the root is extracted and immediately replaced by an implant. In the same way, in some cases, especially in the anterior esthetic zone it could be immediately placed a provisional crown.
There are several types of rehabilitations on implants, from completely fixed rehabilitations to combine rehabilitations where fixed elements assist in the retaining and support of removable prosthetic elements.